Jun 162015
 

Coming this fall Laupus Library will host the brand new traveling exhibition, Pick Your Poison: Intoxicating Pleasures and Medical Prescriptions. The six-banner traveling exhibition explores the factors that have shaped the changing definitions of some of our most potent drugs, from medical miracle to social menace.

Mind-altering drdrugugs have been used throughout the history of America. While some remain socially acceptable, others are outlawed because of their toxic, and intoxicating, characteristics. The transformation of a particular drug, from an acceptable indulgence to a bad habit, or vice versa, is closely tied to the intentions of those endorsing its use, and their status in society. These classifications have shifted at different times in history, and will continue to change.

The exhibit will be on display from September 21 through October 31 in the Evelyn Fike Laupus exhibit gallery located on the 4th floor of Laupus Library.

A “Digital Gallery” offering a selection of digitized, historical texts from the History of Medicine Division’s diverse collections can be found as part of the online version of the exhibition. These images provide viewers with new avenues to explore beyond the exhibition. Educators will also find expanded resources online for middle school and college level classroom use.

Pick Your Poison: Intoxicating Pleasures and Medical Prescriptions was produced by the National Library of Medicine, and the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History and began traveling around the United States in April 2015.

 For more information, contact nlmtravelingexhibts@nlm.nih.gov or visit us on the web at: www.nlm.nih.gov/pickyourpoison

 

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May 122015
 

Laupus received an Express Outreach Project Award to augment consumer health classes.  The award of $6,000 will be used to fund ten iPads and Otter Box iPad Defenders for “Healthier U @ your Library” and “Healthier U @ your Hospital” consumer health presentations.

Consumer Health Classes serve to educate the public, senior citizens, nurses and nurse educators and other health care professionals about finding good consumer health information on the Internet. Classes offered at public libraries and hospitals sometimes have a shortage of technology. With the iPads, users will be able to link to local Wi-Fi connections for Internet access to resources right in the hands of the consumers who need it most. With the benefit of mobile technology, users will also be able to view the pre-loaded presentation, find answers to questions they may have or even research health care information for a family member.

Eastern North Carolina has some of the highest incidences of obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease in the US.  There are also a myriad of underserved populations in our area including seniors, minorities, and caregivers. The award will help Laupus Library assist the public with finding the best information on the Internet that can make a difference in their daily lives.

This project has been funded in whole or in part with Federal funds from the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract No. HHS-N-276-2011-00004-C with the University of Maryland Baltimore.

 

ECU rolls out first interprofessional virtual patient case

 Brody School of Medicine, College of Nursing, School of Dental Medicine  Comments Off on ECU rolls out first interprofessional virtual patient case
Apr 282015
 

Nursing professor Dr. Pamela Reis, left, and nurse-midwifery student Farrah Forney review information about a virtual patient online. The virtual patient is being used in a plan of treatment that includes faculty and students from multiple disciplines at ECU.


Students and residents representing three of East Carolina University’s health sciences programs recently participated in the university’s first interprofessional virtual patient case.

Between April 6 and 10, a dozen nurse-midwifery students from the College of Nursing, four general dentistry residents from the School of Dental Medicine and a medical student from the Brody School of Medicine collaborated online in small teams to formulate an interprofessional plan of care for a virtual patient created by ECU faculty from multiple disciplines.

“Almost all of ECU’s graduate nursing programs are offered primarily online, and because we have students from across the state and from neighboring states, creating face-to-face learning opportunities with learners from different disciplines is challenging and fraught with barriers,” said Dr. Pamela Reis, an assistant professor of nursing in the College of Nursing who spearheaded the project.

Funded through a Health Resources and Services Administration grant, the pilot project employed a new learning management system called the Vertical Education System. Reis said ECU is the fourth school in the nation to use this innovative, web-based learning platform designed by faculty at Virginia Commonwealth University.

The program’s simulated, interactive electronic health record allows the virtual patient’s health history to be saved so the case can continue to unfold over subsequent semesters, Reis explained.

In this first scenario, a young woman was referred for health care by the criminal justice system due to her methamphetamine addiction, a growing problem in eastern North Carolina. This patient also had oral, gynecologic and mental health issues in addition to unmet primary care needs. As her case evolves, the patient will become pregnant and eventually develop a serious health condition that will require continued collaborative care, Reis said.

“We’d eventually like to use the case as a six-to-12-week curricular activity involving all the health sciences, and maybe even span multiple semesters,” Reis said. She added that organizers envision a consortium wherein all universities using the platform will contribute and borrow patient cases from each other.

Dr. Robert Carter, director of the General Practice Residency program for the School of Dental Medicine, said this project “teaches a dentist how to be an effective member of an interprofessional team.

“This exercise increases knowledge of other resources and support systems available to patients – such as different health care disciplines, social services and counseling – which all play a part in helping people with multifaceted needs,” said Carter.

“It also helps learners develop professional relationships across system boundaries, which results in an improved referral process and better collaboration in assessing and treating patients with a variety of problems,” he said.

Vertical Education System administrators can access a wide range of reports detailing team performance as well as an individual learner’s mastery of domain-specific knowledge.

Other faculty members who helped with the project include clinical assistant professor Dr. Janet Tillman in the College of Nursing, and assistant professor Dr. Kelly Reinsmith-Jones from the School of Social Work in the College of Human Ecology. Also from the College of Human Ecology, Dr. Megan Davidson and Dr. Mark Jones in the Department of Criminal Justice contributed their expertise.

Apr 072015
 

SpeakingVolumesPosterLaupus Library will host a new discussion series entitled “Speaking Volumes: A Book Discussion Series Focusing on the Health Sciences.” The series provides authors with a different venue for dissemination of their work and serves as an opportunity for others to learn more about the culture of the Health Sciences and the work done by ECU scholars and researchers.

The inaugural program will showcase the recently published book, Global Health Nursing: Narratives from the Field. The event will be held on April 16th at 4:30 in the Evelyn Fike Laupus Gallery located on the 4th floor gallery of Laupus Library.

Chapter contributor Dr. Kim L. Larson from ECU’s College of Nursing will present along with book editor, Christina A. Harlan (UNC Chapel Hill School of Nursing) and chapter contributors Marie Collins Donahue (UNC Children’s Hospital), Christina Martinez Kim (Duke University Health Systems), and Ruth-Ann McLendon (Johns Hopkins Medical Center).

Introductory remarks on the inspiration for the work will be followed by chapter readings from all four contributing authors. Each will share their own perspectives and experiences as nurses serving as front-line providers in global health. The authors will recount their personal experiences with the Ebola epidemic, treating patients with AIDS, and the challenges and rewards of confronting vast health disparities and providing health care in other languages and in different cultural contexts. The program will end with a question and answer session.

“Speaking Volumes” complements Laupus Library’s Health Sciences Author Recognition Awards program, which honors Health Sciences faculty and staff for their published research and scholarly contributions to their area of study.

You can find out more about Global Health Nursing: Narratives from the Field on the Springer website at http://www.springerpub.com/global-health-nursing-2101.html

The event is open to the public. For more information please contact Kelly Rogers Dilda at rogerske@ecu.edu.

–Kelly R. Dilda
Laupus Library

70th Anniversary of Water Fluoridation

 School of Dental Medicine  Comments Off on 70th Anniversary of Water Fluoridation
Feb 192015
 
Tap water images

This winter marks the 70th anniversary of community water fluoridation in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) heralded it, “one of the 10 great public health achievements of the 20th Century” (Community Water Fluoridation, 2013).

The term “community water fluoridation” means fluoride levels are adjusted in an area’s public water supply to help prevent tooth decay and improve oral health. “Water fluoridation reduces tooth decay by about 25% over a person’s lifetime,” (Community Water Fluoridation, 2013).

In 1945, Grand Rapids, Michigan, was the first city in the world to receive additional fluoride in their public water supply (Community Water Fluoridation, 2013). Before this occurred, extensive research was done. Dr. H. Trendley Dean, head of the Dental Hygiene Unit at the National Institutes of Health, was among the first to study fluoride with the help of his research team. After developing a new method of measuring fluoride levels, the team began testing water across the country (Statement on Water Fluoridation, 2004). It was found that fluoride measures up to 1 part per million in drinking water did not cause enamel fluorosis, or brown spots occurring on teeth (Statement on Water Fluoridation, 2004). Then the Michigan Department of Health voted to add fluoride to their drinking water (Statement on Water Fluoridation, 2004).

Today, over 204 million people, 74%, in the United States consume water supplies containing enough fluoride to enhance oral health (Community Water Fluoridation, 2013). In North Carolina, about 87% of people have access to fluoridated water supplies (Community Water Fluoridation, 2013). Charlotte was the first city in the state to fluoridate its water in 1949 (Gerald, 2012). The NC Department of Health and Human Services says dental decay rates in children living in North Carolina were reduced by about 60% after the introduction of fluoridated water in the state.

Several years after the first water fluoridation treatments began in North Carolina; Pitt County started adding fluoride to the area’s water. According to Julius Patrick, Greenville Utility Commission’s Water Treatment Plant Superintendent, Greenville began adding fluoride to water supplies in 1957. He also says Greenville’s water comes from the Tar River which naturally contains .1 mg/l of fluoride. Patrick oversees the team as they filter this water and then add fluoride. In addition, Patrick says the water plant conducts a daily analysis measuring substances in water in parts per billion. This fluoridated water reaches many in the Pitt County area. For example, when the CDC collected data via a fluoridation census in 1992, it was found that over 47,000 Greenville residents were provided with fluoridated water.

Due to the research of the inquisitive Dr. Dean over 70 years ago, the United States will continue to boast more favorable oral hygiene thanks to the discovery of community water fluoridation.