This month we’d like to spotlight Black History Month by highlighting some of the great resources on the History of Black Physicians and Nurses.
“Before the Civil War there were both black men and black women nurses. In 1783, James Derham, a black nurse from New Orleans, was able to buy his freedom from slavery with the money he saved from working as a nurse. He later went on to become a well known physician in Philadelphia. He is known for becoming the first black physician in America. Mary Williams and Frances Rose were two black nurses whose names were in the 1840 Baltimore City directory. In 1879 Mary Eliza Mahoney became the first black graduate from an American school of nursing. She became the first professional black nurse in the United States by graduating from the New England Hospital for Women and Children in Boston.”–A quote from Laupus Library’s “A History of Black Nursing”.
The Laupus Library devotes a portion of its website to Diversity. This month we are highlighting the History of Black Nursing. There is a short history but also included are links for more information and a book list. This website is updated monthly with new information on Diversity topics.
“Seven medical schools for blacks were established between 1868 and 1904. In 1895, there were 385 Negro doctors, only 7 per cent from white medical schools. In 1905, there were 1,465 Negro doctors, only 14.5 per cent from white medical schools. Almost 2,400 physicians were graduated from Howard and Meharry medical schools from 1890 to the end of WWI.” – A quote from Duke University’s Exhibit “Black History Month: A Medical Perspective”
Duke University’s Exhibit Black History Month: A Medical Perspective highlights important people, the history of medical education, historic black hospitals and a chronology of achievements.
“In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, African Americans seeking a medical education were faced with difficult prospects. Few medical schools would admit a black student regardless of their academic excellence.” –A quote from “Opening Doors: Contemporary African American Surgeon”
The Opening Doors: Contemporary African American Surgeons exhibit by the National Library of Medicine was actually displayed at the Laupus Library and it offers a brief history of the African American Surgeon.
“In 2008, the American Medical Association apologized for its long history of racial discrimination. For more than a century, the AMA implicitly excluded black doctors from its ranks. And during the Civil Rights era, the group failed to champion efforts to end segregated health care. The effects of discrimination in organized medicine have been long-lasting. Today, black doctors are underrepresented in health care professions and health disparities among minority populations are widening.” –A quote from NC Public Radio.
North Carolina public radio shares with us an interview between Host Frank Stasio with East Carolina University Medical Historian Todd Savitt; Author Spencie Love; Doctor Gloria Frelix, president of the Old North State Medical Society; and, Doctor Paul Cunningham, the then incoming Dean of ECU’s Brody School of Medicine that you can stream live.