10-Minute Rounds



Welcome to 10-Minute Rounds. Here you’ll find short video tutorials that walk you through a number of Nephrology concepts normally taught on work rounds. We hope that these videos take the fear and mystery out of Nephrology and make you interested in learning.


These tutorials are specially designed for medical students and internal medicine residents, but can also be used as refresher material for more seasoned Nephrology practitioners.


You can access every tutorial through a desktop or mobile device. All videos are available in 720p high-definition video (HD)


Finally, please complete our short survey so we know how we’re doing and what we can do to improve your learning experience.

Tejas Desai, MD


10-Minute Rounds: Table of Contents

• Formulas and Calculations

• Concepts in Hemodialysis

• Concepts in Peritoneal Dialysis

• Concepts in General Nephrology

• Concepts in Interventional Nephrology

• Concepts in Bio-Statistics

Evaluation and Management (E/M)

Using Microsoft Excel for Statistics


Formulas and Calculations

  1. Free Water Disorders [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Clearance [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Deficit [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  2. The Fractional Excretion of Sodium [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • How to calculate [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • When to use (Part 1 of 2) [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • When to use (Part 2 of 2) [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  3. Anion Gaps [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • The Serum Anion Gap [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • The Urine Anion Gap [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  4. The delta-delta [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Brief Introduction [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Detailed Analysis [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  5. The Trans-tubular Potassium Gradient (TTKG) [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Why the TTKG? [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Calculation and Interpretation [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  6. Calculations on CRRT [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Convective Clearance [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Diffusive Clearance [Video] [App] [complete the survey]
    • Filtration Fraction [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  7. Fluid shifts during the administration of hyperosmolar solutions [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  8. Flow Fraction [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Introduction [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Limitations for in-center hemodialysis patients [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  9. Hyponatremia [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Calculating amount of water lost [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Calculating amount of 0.9% saline administered [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Calculating amount of 3% saline administered [Video] [App] [complete the survey]



Concepts in Hemodialysis

  1. The mechanics of dialysis [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    • [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  2. Clearance [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Understanding Convective Clearance [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Understanding Diffusive Clearance [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  3. From Water to Dialysate [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Content of Municipal Water [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • The Making of Dialysate [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  4. Dialysis Adequacy [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    • [Video] [App] [complete the survey]



Concepts in Peritoneal Dialysis

  1. Introduction [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

  2. Flows and Rates [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

  3. Equilibration Test [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


Concepts in General Nephrology

  1. Plasma Exchange [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Introduction & Modalities [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Replacement Fluid [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  2. Renal Tubular Acidoses (RTA) [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • The purpose of Ammonia (NH3) [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • pH along the nephron [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  3. Why is normal saline considered an isotonic solution? [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    • [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

  4. Diuretic-induced hyponatremia [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Introduction to Sodium and Water handling along the nephron [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Effect of loop diuretics on sodium concentration [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Effect of thiazide diuretics on sodium concentration [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  5. Understanding the Urinalysis [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    • [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

  6. Understanding Acid-Base Compensation [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    • [Video] [complete the survey]

  7. Understanding Drug Metabolism in CKD patients [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Four key concepts of drug metabolism [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    • Drug dosing in renal failure [Video] [App] [complete the survey]



Concepts in Interventional Nephrology

  1. Physical Examination of the Arteriovenous Fistula [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    • [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  2. The AVF as a Continuous Circuit [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    • [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  3. Arm Elevation and the Arteriovenous Fistula [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    • [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  4. Outflow Stenosis and the Arteriovenous Fistula [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    • [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  5. Accessory Vein and the Arteriovenous Fistula [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    • [Video] [App] [complete the survey]



Concepts in Bio-Statistics

  1. Continuous and Categorical Variables [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

  2. Assumptions in Continuous Variable Tests [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

  3. Parametric and Non-parametric testing [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

  4. Categorical Variables [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


Using Microsoft Excel for Statistics

  1. Installing the Analysis ToolPak [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

  2. Creating a Sortable Table [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

  3. Using the Function Tool [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

  4. Using the Data Analysis feature [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

  5. Creating a Pivot Table [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]
    [Video] [App] [complete the survey]



Evaluation and Management (E/M)

  1. Introduction & Disclaimer [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Video [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  2. An Overview of the E/M System [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Video [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  3. The History Element [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • HPI [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    ROS [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    PFSH [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  4. The Examination Element [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Video [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  5. The Medical Decision Making Element [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Scoring Differences [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    Data [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    Diagnosis [Video] [App] [complete the survey]

    Risk [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


  6. New v Established Patients [ask a question] [back to Table of Contents]

    • Video [Video] [App] [complete the survey]


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