Language Variation & Change

(1) Peruvian Amazonian Spanish (in collaboration with Dr. Erin O’Rourke)

Documents the emergence of new language varieties and addresses issues of language maintenance and language shift  in the Peruvian Amazon. Incorporates analyses of non-traditional varieties of Spanish, as well as data on the endangered languages: Ocaina, Bora, and Yagua.

  • O’Rourke, Erin and Stephen Fafulas. “Language contact in the Peruvian Amazon: An examination of the linguistic and social factors affecting lenition of intervocalic stops among Bora-Spanish bilinguals.” 7th international Workshop on Spanish Sociolinguistics (WSS7). Madison, Wisconsin. April 3, 2014.


  • O’Rourke, Erin & Stephen Fafulas. Accepted. Spanish in contact with Amazonian languages: An examination of intervocalic voiced stops. Proceedings of the 6th Laboratory Approaches to Romance Phonology.

(2) East North Carolina Spanish

Documents Spanish in the U.S. with an analysis of language contact in an incipient Hispanic community located in rural Eastern North Carolina.

  • Mario Becerra and Stephen Fafulas. “Reconstructing the Past with the Future: An Analysis of Aspect and Language Contact in an Emerging Hispanic Community in Eastern North Carolina.” 81st meeting of the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics (SECOL). North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. March 28, 2014.
  • Becerra, Mario & Briceida Rodriguez. “A sociolinguistic analysis of morphosyntactic phenomena in the Spanish of Pitt County: A pilot study”. Spanish Linguistics in North Carolina (SLINKI). Appalachian State University. February 8, 2014.

(3) Cross-linguistic Variation of Progressive Aspect

Examines the distinct set of constructions and prototypes that languages have developed for the expression of progressive aspect, while also uncovering the similarities indicative of a common grammaticalization pathway in their diachronic evolution of tense-aspect-mood expressions.

  • Fafulas, Stephen. “Dialect variation and progressive constructions in Spanish”. Spanish Linguistics in North Carolina (SLINKI) conference. Boone, North Carolina. February 8, 2014.
  • Fafulas, Stephen. “Morphosyntactic Variation in Brazilian Portuguese, Spanish and English: Simultaneous Narrations of the Pear Stories Film”. Inaugural Portuguese Linguistics in the United States (PLUS) conference. Athens, Georgia. November 16, 2013.