The Life of Senator Robert Morgan

Senator Morgan attending the presentation of a new Wind Generator

Source: Robert Morgan Papers #268

Staff Person: Sherry Cortes

Description: Senator Robert Morgan was a North Carolina native, born and raised in Lillington, N.C.  This collection contains personal papers, Senatorial documents, newspapers, photographs and correspondence spanning Morgan’s life.

Senator Robert Morgan was born in Lillington, North Carolina in 1925.  Following his public school education, he went on to attend the Wake Forest Law School, became a skilled trial lawyer and quickly rose from Clerk of Court to the position of President Pro Tempore of the North Carolina State Senate.  He began donating his papers to East Carolina University in the mid-1970s and continuously donated his personal and professional works until he passed away in 2016.  I started working on the Senator Robert Morgan Papers Processing Project in April, 2017 for East Carolina University’s Joyner Library.  As the project archivist for this collection, it has been an exciting opportunity to chronicle the life and accomplishments of such a prominent figure in North Carolina history.  Senator Morgan served as a North Carolina State Senator from 1955-1969, and as a one-term US Senator from North Carolina from 1975-1981, but his prolific career beyond the political arena put a mark on so much of the State’s history.

The Robert Morgan Papers is the largest collection of personal and professional documents amassed by East Carolina University and is currently housed in the Special Collections Division of Joyner Library at East Carolina University (ECU).  The collection holds information regarding the Senator’s professional and personal life.  The Morgan archives chronicle his service in the Vietnam and Korean Wars, his rise to North Carolina Attorney General and his role in creating landmark consumer protection measures, his tenure as an ECU University Trustee and his fight to establish a medical school at East Carolina University, his controversial stance on the Panama Canal, his leading role in the Energy Crisis, and his repositioning of the State Bureau of Investigation (SBI).  These documents also shed light on his ideological metamorphosis from a “traditional Southern Democrat” to the national Democratic mainstream particularly in the area of desegregation.

Senator Morgan’s Papers include personal and family documents, legislative and campaign files, correspondence, North Carolina Attorney General and U.S. Senator files, ECU Board of Trustees and State Bureau of Investigations files.  Photographs, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, speeches, books, films, audiotapes, diaries, microfilms and oversized materials are in our archives as well.  We hired two graduate assistants in May, 2017, Daniel Hemme and Martha Mihich who have been invaluable in completing the description and arrangement of the collection.  In addition to the graduate assistants, Special Collection Curator, Dr. Jonathan Dembo and volunteer Dick Wolfe have been helping to move the process along quickly.  Between the four of us we have currently completed describing 1012 boxes of the 1075 total in the collection.  I am also collaborating with Justin Borer to help in the digitization of audio tapes, manuscripts and photographs of interest.  Conservator Lawrence Houston has been providing conservation advice and assistance in handling damaged or fragile documents. We are all working as quickly as possible to digitize the chosen objects so they can be fully accessible in the online Digital Repository.

Once we have fully completed the processing of the paper and digital elements of the collection we will work on the exhibit which will be available for viewing on the 3rd floor of Joyner Library in

Graduate Assistant, Martha Mihich, hard at work

early 2018.  As work continues, we will be sharing updates about our progress on an ongoing basis and what we are finding.  There will be future posts to provide more information about Senator Morgan and some of the interesting items we find during processing.  Researchers will be able to locate the collection’s finding aid online if they are interested in accessing Senator Morgan’s Papers.

For more information on Senator Morgan’s Papers and the continuing progress of the project, please contact Sherry Cortes, Project Archivist at cortess17@ecu.edu or (252) 328 – 0276

Peter Stuart Ney

Source: William E. Elmore Collection (EC Manuscript Collection #39.1.f)

Staff Person: Ralph Scott

Description: Michel Ney, 1st Duc d’Elchingen, 1st Prince de la Moskowa, popularly known as Marshall Ney was a eighteenth and nineteenth century French military commander. After service during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars, Ney fell out of favor and was arrested and condemned to death for treason in December of 1815. In January of 1816 Peter Stuart Ney arrived at Charleston, SC., where he subsequently disappeared. In 1821 he appeared in Mocksville, NC where he assumed the position of a school teacher. He also worked as a teacher in Hillsborough, Salisbury and Mecklenburg county before returning again to Mocksville. He died there on 15 November 1826 and is buried at the Third Creek Presbyterian Church. This document typed in August of 1908 at Roaring River, NC, relates the life of Peter Stuart Ney, the Great Marshall of France. In the relation Peter Stuart Ney’s grandson, E. M. C. Neyman of Saltillo, IN, states that his grandfather was in fact the Michel Ney. This document is signed by James H. Foote, born 8 November 1825 and “is taken as proof that the old Tar Heel Teacher was the Great Marshall of France.” At the bottom the relation is noted as being done “at the request of my friend, Judge Allen.” A pencil notation on the first page states “copyied and sent to the Historical Society.”

Russian Phrase Book

4 April 2012

Source: Special Collections Reference Collection PG2689 .U56 1943

Staff Person: Ralph Scott

Description: This restricted World War II publication by the War Department “contains the Russian words and expressions you are most likely to need.” It was designed for use by Allied service personnel serving in the Soviet Union. The book contains such useful phrases as “Help”, “I am lost”, “I am poisoned”, “He was bitten by a snake” as well as “The U.S. Government will pay you” translated into Russian. One section on communications contains the phrases “reverse the charges” and “Will you speak to anybody at that number?” Designed as handy little helps for service personnel the book was designed to be shown to the person speaking Russian, and no doubt came in handy when “in-country.” While the publication was restricted, it could be shared with “persons of undoubted loyalty and discretion.” This Army Technical Manual as well as a number of others were given to Joyner Library by Professor Larry Babits of the History Department.

At the Copa…

This photograph features Chancellor Leo Jenkins along with Jack Minges and Waightstill H. “Booger” Scales at the famed Copacabana Club in New York City.  Taken in October of 1963, the trio had much to celebrate including the recent opening of Ficklen Stadium.  Scales, considered East Carolina’s greatest fundraiser, organized a group that sought donations from Greenville area businesses to fund the stadium’s construction.   Scales and his committee raised nearly $215,000 (approximately $1,524,894 in 2010, adjusted for inflation) in a single week.  Scales later assisted and served as the first president of the Century Club (now Pirate Club).  As a testament to their efforts on behalf of East Carolina, Minges Coliseum and W.H. Scales Field House bear the names of these men.  Both facilities are instrumental to the continued success of Pirate Athletics.  To learn more about the growth of East Carolina University, please visit the University Archives.



Wild Cat

S

Source: 
 George Willcox McIver Papers Manuscript Collection #251)

George Willcox McIver was born on December 22, 1858, at Carthage, N.C., and died in 1947 at the age of eighty-nine. He was the son of Alexander McIver, a noted North Carolina educator, and Mary Ann Willcox. McIver was appointed to West Point in 1877 and graduated with the class of 1882. Upon graduation, he began a military career of forty years of active service including duty in the United States, Alaska, Cuba, France, and the Philippine Islands.

Before U.S. intervention in World War I, McIver was promoted to Brigadier General and took command of the 161st Brigade of the 81st (Wild Cat) Division which trained at Camp Jackson and Camp Sevier, South Carolina. This unit became incorporated into the American Expeditionary Force and participated in the Meuse-Argonne offensive. From 1919 until his retirement in 1922, McIver was stationed at Fort Pike, Arkansas, and Fort Slocum, New York.

 

Staff person: Ralph Scott

Menu from the Willoughby Beach Hotel

Source: Benjamin B. Winborne Papers, 1872-1930 #691.005

Menu from the Willoughby Beach Hotel

Menu from the Willoughby Beach Hotel

Staff Person: Dale Sauter

Description:

Today’s staff pick features a menu from the Willoughby Beach Hotel (Willoughby Beach, VA) dated July 15, 1905.

This item came from the Benjamin B. Winborne Papers.

Not much information was readily available on the hotel; however, the link below offers a few clues to its past.

http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/Iccn/sn85038615/1906-06-17/ed-1/seg-47.pdf/

Willoughby Beach Hotel Menu

Willoughby Beach Hotel Menu

For more information on this collection or any other collections we hold, please contact us for further details.

The collection can be found at http://specialcollections.ecu.edu/special/ead/findingaids/0691-005/

Master Mason Certificate, Belmont Lodge No. 108, Duplin Co., N.C.

Source: Elizabeth Rudder Fearrington Croom Collection, East Carolina Manuscript Collection #0058

Staff Person: Martha Elmore

Description:

Freemasonry has a long history in North Carolina back to colonial times and still has a strong presence with 375 lodges and 47,000 members (2007, www.grandlodge-nc.org/freemasonryrevealed/atlantic.htm). It is thought that the society developed from stonemason guilds in the Middle Ages, but today it is a fraternal order centered on the principles of self-improvement and philanthropy. One must apply to be a member and once accepted, one studies the principles and teachings of Freemasonry to work through the three degrees of apprentice, fellow craft, and master mason. Masons meet as lodges in buildings referred to as Masonic lodges.

Below is a certificate stating that Samuel R. Ireland became a Regular Master Mason on March 28, 1846, with the Belmont Lodge No. 108 in Duplin County, North Carolina.

Master Mason Certificate, Belmont Lodge No. 108, Duplin Co., N.C.

Master Mason Certificate, Belmont Lodge No. 108, Duplin Co., N.C.

To learn more about the Ireland family of Duplin and Sampson Counties, N.C., go to http://digital.lib.ecu.edu/special/ead/findingaids/0058/.

Travel for Academic Credit

Source: Paul Ricks Papers, University Archives #UA90-02, East Carolina University, Greenville, N.C.

Rick's Tour Bus

Rick's Tour Bus

Staff Person: Kacy Guill

Description:

In 1935, East Carolina Teachers College obtained the services of Paul T. Ricks as director of a new travel course designed to meet the needs of travel-hungry students. For the initial tour, more than a hundred students filled a large bus and several touring cars. The tours provided three hours of credit in geography, American literature, and history, and satisfied requirements for college electives or renewal credits for teacher certification. So great was the demand for these economical study-vacations that three separate three-week tours were operated the first summer and an expanded schedule of tours was arranged until the restrictions of World War II brought them to an end.

Click on the images to see an enlarged version.

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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Source: J.C. Peele, M.D. Papers, ca. 1918-1987, undated, East Carolina Manuscript Collection, #1030.25.g

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Staff Person: Nanette Hardison

Description:

The J.C. Peele, M.D. Papers (ca. 1918-1987, n.d.) is a manuscript collection that reflects the anti-communist sentiments of a physician in Kinston, N.C. This publication from the collection, dated May 1968, is a compilation of selected articles and documents pertaining to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s beliefs, ideals, and activities. Despite the booklet’s negative bias, the publication provides useful information and photos of Dr. King, his family, and the people who assisted him in his non-violent crusade for civil rights for all Americans.

1918 Flu Pandemic nickname “Spanish Flu”, March 1918 to June 1920

Source: University Archives

ECTTS Board of Trustees Minute Book 1

ECTTS Board of Trustees Minute Book 1

Staff Person: Lynette Lundin

Description:

Health conditions at ECTTC are one of the major topics mentioned in the Board of Trustees minutes from 1918. There were 141 cases of the Spanish flu recorded on campus, but there was no record of serious complications. Worldwide this was not the same. This flu epidemic was called “the greatest medical holocaust in history.” The pandemic infected one third of the world’s population, and most of its victims were young healthy adults. Normally influenza attacks the weakest population, namely infants and the elderly. The images shown below are two documents from the ECTTC Board of Trustees Minutes Book 1, November 15, 1918 which is in the University Archives.

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