Douglas MacArthur

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Source: Robert Frederick Sink Papers, East Carolina Manuscript Collection #255

Staff Person: Lynette Lundin

Description: A Photograph of the General of the Army Douglas MacArthur, General Robert A. McClure, Lieutenant General Robert Frederick Sink. Lieutenant General Robert Frederick Sink was born in Lexington, North Carolina and served in both World War II and Korea. General Sink had a distinguished career as a pioneer in the use of airborne warfare. As commander of the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the Army Airborne Corps, he was sent to Europe in 1942. He subsequently participated in the Allied Invasion of Normandy, parachuting under cover of dark before seaborne troops landed. His troops saw action at the Battle of the Bulge at Bastogne. After World War II, he served as Chief of Staff of the RYUKUS command (1949), assistant commander of the Seventh Infantry Division in Korea (1951), and member of the Joint Airborne Troop Board at Fort Bragg, North Carolina (1954). In 1958, Sink was given command of the Strategic Army Corps (STRAC) and the 18th Airborne. In 1960, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general and took command of the U.S. Army in the Caribbean, a post he held until his retirement in 1961 due to poor health. Sink died at Fort Bragg in 1965.

Gatling Gun: The first Machine Gun

Source: Preliminary Inventory of the E. Frank Stephenson, Jr., Collection, 1736-1981, East Carolina Manuscript Collection #692

Richard Jordan Gatling and Gatling Gun

Richard Jordan Gatling and Gatling Gun

Staff Person: Nanette Hardison

Description:

This remarkable invention, which was a revolving battery gun with a firing capacity of 250 rounds per minute invented in 1865, was the creation of a Dr. Richard Jordan Gatling who was born on September 12, 1818, here in North Carolina in Hertford County. An inventor of mostly agricultural devices, Gatling conceived the idea of making a machine gun that would largely remove the necessity of large armies in the hope of putting an end to war. His desire was born from witnessing the terrible sight of wounded soldiers in the early years of the Civil War. Sadly, the Gatling Gun, as it was to be known, did not end war itself rather it changed warfare since it serve as a phototype for more deadly weapons in the future.

Richard Jordan Gatling and Gatling Gun

Richard Jordan Gatling and Gatling Gun

Source: Gatling: A Photographic Remembrance by E. Frank Stephenson, Jr. Ahoskie, NC: Meherrin River Press, 1993. E. Frank Stephenson, Jr., Collection (#692), Special Collections Department, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Additional information can be found at

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gatling_gun

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Jordan_Gatling

Click on the images of the Gatling Gun and Dr. Richard Jordan Gatling to see an enlarged version of them.