East Carolina Teachers Training School Board of Trustees

Source: University Archives, CH1000

Staff Person: Suellyn Lathrop

The East Carolina Teachers Training School Board of Trustees was created March 7, 1907 in Section 15 of the “Act to Stimulate High School Instruction in the Public Schools of the State and Teacher Training.” That section created a nine member board with the State Superintendent of Public Instruction as chairman, ex officio. The trustees were selected by the State Board of Education. Two members each were selected from the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th congressional districts and one from the 6th district. The terms were staggered with three having two-year terms, three having four-year terms and three having six year terms. The first board consisted of:

East Carolina Teachers Training School Board of Trustees Oath Book

East Carolina Teachers Training School Board of Trustees Oath Book

    Thomas J. Jarvis, former governor from Greenville
    J.B. Leigh, mayor of Elizabeth City
    Claude W. Wilson, supt. of schools in Scotland Neck
    Yancey T. Ormond, state senator from Kinston
    John C. Parker of Trenton
    John R. Banneman of Burgaw
    Ira T. Turlington of Smithfield
    Robert B. White of Franklinton
    James O. Carr of Wilmington
    J.Y. Joyner supt. of public instruction NC

The trustees’ powers and duties were outlined in Section 16 of the act:

    That said Board of Trustees above provided for, upon their election and qualification, shall be and become a body corporate and politic with all the powers usually conferred upon such bodies and necessary to enable them to acquire and hold property, manage and conduct said school, and do all other things necessary for the carrying out of the provisions and purposes of this act.

As soon as Greenville was chosen as the site for the new school they met on March 11, 1908. The first act was to be sworn into office. At left is a page from the oath book showing the oaths sworn by J.Y. Joyner and Thomas J. Jarvis.

The group elected Thomas J. Jarvis, chair, J.Y. Joyner and Yancey T. Ormand to the Executive Committee. The trustees then set about hiring landscapers and architects. The Executive Committee was authorized to “proceed at once, in and through the architects to procure plans and specifications for buildings and submit to the Board for adoption.” [Board of Trustees, Minute Book Volume 1, p. 4]

The Building Committee was formed in 1921 and five buildings (Ragsdale, Whichard, Graham, Cotten, and Fleming) were built over the next eight years. In 1925 the General Assembly was petitioned to increase the size of the board and to make attendance mandatory in order to oversee this construction boom. Sixteen members were appointed and sworn in at the January 16, 1926 meeting which included Mrs. H.G. Connor, Jr. of Wilson became the first woman to serve as a trustee. The increased membership soon proved to be problematic and in 1927 the General Assembly reduced the board to twelve members with the superintendent of public instruction continuing in his ex-officio role.

The Committee on Salaries and Institutional Planning was also created in 1925. It was given the authority of the entire board in approving changes to the curriculum and setting salaries. Through the years as the school grew, the board oversaw the administration of the school along with the president. Presidents were appointed by and reported to the Board of Trustees.

The board’s authority was altered when, in 1972, ECU became a part of the UNC system under the state board of governors. According to the University of North Carolina Code of Operations:

    Each Board of Trustees shall promote the sound development of its institution within the functions prescribed for it, helping it to serve the people of the State in a way that will complement the activities of the other institutions and aiding it to perform at a high level of excellence in every area of endeavor. Each Board of Trustees shall serve as advisor to the Board of Governors on matters pertaining to its institution and shall also serve as advisor to the Chancellor concerning the management and development of the institution. [Bratton, East Carolina University, p. 452]

The board is still comprised of thirteen members, but trustees are now chosen in the following way:

    8 elected by the board of governors
    4 appointed by the governor
    president of the ECU Student Government Association, ex-officio member

The board of trustees elects from its membership a chairperson, vice chairperson, and secretary. The principal powers of the board of trustees are delegated to it by the board of governors.

The Board of Trustees records include the oath book, meeting minutes, executive committee files, building committee files, correspondence, resolutions, by-laws, biographical file and publications. These are available to researchers in University Archives.

Click on the image itself to see an enlarged version.


Source: General History of the Pyrates, Joyner Rare F2161.D4/1724b

Staff Person: Maury York

This image of the pirate Blackbeard is the first likeness of him to appear in print. The image is from the Rare Book Collection’s copy of the two-volume General History of the Pyrates (1724), by “Captain Charles Johnson.” Some scholars believe that the book was written by Daniel Defoe.

The book is available in the Rare Book Collection (Joyner Rare F2161.D4 1724b) and in the Eastern North Carolina Digital Library.

Blackbeard the pirate

Blackbeard the pirate

Howard Zacher in his plane “Margie”

Source: Hugh Elroy Best, Jr. Family Collection, East Carolina Manuscript Collection #894

Staff Person: Dale Sauter

This week’s pick comes from a collection that contains photographic prints and photocopied documents relating to military service of three generations of a Tarboro, NC family. The family members include Hugh E. Best, Sr., Hugh E. Best, Jr., Glanor Gay Best, Gaston Gay and Hugh E. Best III.

All we know about Hugh E. Best, Sr. is that he served in the U.S. Navy. Hugh E. Best, Jr. served from 1942 until 1946 in both the U.S. Army Air Forces and the U.S. Air Corps. Glanor Gay Best, Hugh E. Best, Jr.’s wife, served during World War II in the Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC), beginning in 1942. Gaston Gay was a relative of Glanor Gay Best and was a Merchant Marine serving on the U.S.S. Mariana when it was lost at sea on March 3, 1942. He received the Mariner’s Medal posthumously. Hugh Elroy Best, III, son of Hugh E. Best, Jr. and Glanor Gay Best, served as an Army Lieutenant during the Vietnam War. He was killed in action in South Vietnam in January of 1969. He had been awarded the Silver Star for Valor just prior to his death.

The image below is apparently of a pilot who served with Best, Jr. in the U.S. Air Corps. The inscription on the back reads “Howard L. Zacher, Pilot, Airstrip 72 — France, Ship: B-26- No. 462 ‘Margie’, July 4, 1945.”

Howard L. Zacher in his plane Margie.

Howard L. Zacher in his plane Margie.

Pitt Community Hospital, Greenville, NC

Source: Frank Wooten Jr, Papers, East Carolina Manuscript Collection #126
David A. Norris Collection, East Carolina Manuscript Collection #687

Pitt Community Hospital, Greenville, N.C.

Pitt Community Hospital, Greenville, N.C.

Staff Person: Coleen Allen


The white building was Greenville’s original hospital know as Pitt Community Hospital, and was located on Johnston Street, parallel to East Fourth St. When the hospital opened in 1924, it had 42 acute-care beds.

The red brick building below, know as Pitt Memorial Hospital, was located on West Fifth Street and was built in the early 1950s. Later, an 80 bed addition raised the total capacity to 220 beds.

Today Pitt County Memorial Hospital is a 755 bed tertiary academic medical center that provides a comprehensive range of primary, secondary and tertiary medical services to residents of 29 counties in eastern North Carolina. During fiscal year 2006, PCMH set records in several different areas: Inpatient admissions: 36,983; Average inpatient census: 617; Operating room cases: 20, 411; Births: 3,882 and Emergency department visits: 55,354.

Is this progress?

Click on the images to see enlarged versions.

Pitt Memorial Hospital, Greenville, North Carolina

Pitt Memorial Hospital, Greenville, North Carolina

John F. Kennedy and Carl Sandburg

Source: Seth H. Muse Papers, East Carolina Manuscript Collection #673

Staff Person: Lynette Lundin


JFK with Carl Sandburg at White House.

JFK with Carl Sandburg at White House.

This photograph is from the Seth H. Muse Papers. Seth Muse was a well known Washington news photographer, born in Cash Corner, N.C., on Nov. 11, 1912. He was living in Arlington, Va. when he died. He died from a heart attack at the age of 63, on February 27, 1976. He attended ECU in 1937, and Married Dorothy Crumpler of Roseboro, N.C., a graduate of East Carolina. Their son George also graduated in 1963 from East Carolina. He was a member of White House News Photographers Association and National Press Club. He worked mainly in Washington, D.C. Muse took pictures of nearly all the prominent figures in North Carolina politics during his career. There are photographs of Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Vice President Richard Nixon and of leaders of other countries such as Queen Elizabeth of England, and famous people such as Bob Hope, Sophie Tucker, Kim Novak, the fighter Jack Dempsey and evangelist Billy Graham. Seth Muse was an enthusiastic supporter of East Carolina University. I find this a very interesting collection of photographs. The image of John F. Kennedy with Carl Sandburg was taken on Oct 25th, 1961 at the White House. The photograph below is in collection # 673 and is in box 13 of that collection. The finding aid for this collection can be found at Manuscript Collection 673.

Kinchen Wiley Cobb

Source: William E. Elmore Collection, East Carolina Manuscript Collection #39

Staff Person: Martha Elmore

The image below is possibly of Kinchen Wiley Cobb of Greenville, N.C. According to a sketch written by his son Charles D. Cobb, Sr., in the Chronicles of Pitt County North Carolina (1982), Kinchen Cobb became Supervisor of the Greenville Tobacco Board of Trade around 1923 and remained in this position until just before World War II. He was responsible for directing tobacco sales and advertising the Greenville market. This image expertly illustrates the advertising aspect of his job. This photograph was bought at a rummage sale that Charles D. Cobb, Sr., held probably twenty years or more ago. If anyone can confirm who the man in the car is, please let us know so we can place this information with the photograph. This image (p-39/5) is part of the William E. Elmore Collection #39 and is found in box #39.5.a. The finding aid for this collection can be seen at Manuscript Collection 39.

Car advertising tobacco sales in Greenville.

Car advertising tobacco sales in Greenville.

Proctor Hotel, Greenville, NC

Source: Albert A. Joseph Collection, East Carolina Manuscript Collection #682

Proctor Hotel Lobby, Greenville North Carolina

Proctor Hotel Lobby, Greenville North Carolina

Staff Person: Brian Johnson

This is a photo of the lobby of the historic Proctor Hotel located at Third and Evans St. in Greenville. The hotel was in operation at the time of World War I and was considered one of the finest hotels in North Carolina. It had sixty rooms that were equipped with hot and cold running water, electric call bells and many of the rooms had a private bath. There were electric elevators and electric lights. It featured a lobby, office, large dining room and reading rooms. It was elegantly furnished and had an “air of refinement” according to a brochure of Greenville published in 1914. Renovated in 2004, the four story building is now named the Self Help Building. This photo and many more scenes of North Carolina can be found in the Albert A. Joseph Collection (call #682) in the Manuscript Collection of the Special Collections Department. Finding aid: Manuscript Collection 682.

Parker Store, Menola, NC – 2

Source: Murfreesboro Historical Association Collection, East Carolina Manuscript Collection #691.006

Inside the Parker Store in Menola, North Carolina

Inside the Parker Store in Menola, North Carolina

Staff Person: Anna Hardee

This is inside the Parker Store in Menola, NC. If you notice, there are 2 old phonograph players and one says Edison Standard Phonograph, and the other says, Edison Home Phonograph. There is also a Mandolin hanging on the back wall. I thought that the old Victrolas were interesting. I don’t remember every having used one, but since Vinyl records are a thing of the past I thought that it would be nice for some of us to take a stroll down memory lane, I am pretty sure that most of our grandparents had them years ago. There is also an old camera sitting on a small table just below the flags that are hanging on the wall.

Things have changed so much in the last 50-75 years. This photograph is one of over 1800 that you will find in this portion of the collection. There are numerous photographs of items like this as well as people and buildings. This is one of my favorites.

I hope you all will enjoy this and come up to Special Collections and take a look at this wonderful collection of old memories.

Manuscript Collection 691/6

Rebel Song Book

Source: Rebel Song Book, Hoover M/1997/R43/1935

Cover of Rebel song book

Cover of Rebel song book

Staff Person: Ralph Scott

The Rebel Song Book was complied by Samuel H. Friedman who became the Vice Presidential Candidate for the Socialist Party in 1952 and 1956. These song books were used by political and social movements to rally the spirits of their members. First made famous by the I.W.W. (International Workers of the World) at their congress in 1905, the song books along, with slow downs and sabotage helped re-enforce the culture of resistance. The book soon became known as the “Little Red Song Book”, which in the 1960s was morphed into the idea of the “Little Red Book” of Chairman Mao Zedong. Well known songs in the book include: the Internationale, Hallelujah I’m a Bum, the anthem of the Ladies Garment Workers Union (“We have fed you all for a thousand years”), and a parody called “The D.A.R. song.” Probably the most famous song in the book is the old Pentecostal hymn “We shall overcome” which was adopted by the labor movement in the 1930s and later by the civil rights movement in the 1960s. Other songs in the book include the Civil War song “Tramp, tramp, tramp,” “No more slaves” {sung to Jesus Saves}, “Solidarity Forever” {sung to the Battle Hymn of the Republic}, “Soup Song” {sung to My Bonnie lies over the Ocean} and the “Song of the Red Air Fleet.”

Rebel Song Book, New York, Rand School Press, 1935. {Hoover Collection M 1997 R43 1935}

Mp3 files of songs in the book include:

  1. The Internationale/Star Spangled Banner (click on 4th mp3 file), Arturo Toscanini, the Metropolitan Opera Chorus and the NBC Symphony Orchestra, 1941. {This recording was to be used in the U.S. Office of War Information Film, the Hymn of Nations (1943), however while the Star Spangled Banner was included in the film, the Soviet Hymn was censored even though the Soviets were still allies.}
  2. Hallelujah I’m a Bum
  3. Song of the Red Air Fleet (click on mp3 link on 4th song from end of page marked “March of air Komosol”)

Vessels Constitution and Etner

Source: U.S. Coast Guard Historian’s Office Collection, East Carolina Manuscript Collection #1041

Two sailing vessels, the Constitution and the Etner

Two sailing vessels, the Constitution and the Etner

Staff Person: Jon Dembo

This digital image shows two sailing vessels, the CONSTITUTION of Manteo and the ETNER of New Bern, in the waters of Pamlico Sound, North Carolina. The ETNER, the two-masted vessel to starboard, may be in some difficulty or have an injured or sick crewman. Her sails have been hauled in rather clumsily, she is flying a flag at half-mast, and she is tied to the CONSTITUTION by several lines. Both ships appear to have African American crews. The donor, Coast Guard Historian Jeffrey L. Bowdoin, believes that the image was taken from the Coast Guard Cutter KANKAKEE, during the summer of 1921. The KANKAKEE may have been attempting to provide assistance at the time.

The image was made from one of two 3.5″ x 5″ black and white negatives in the U. S. Coast Guard Historian’s Office Collection. Researchers may access the U. S. Coast Guard Historian’s Office Collection (#1041.1.a) through the Special Collections Department Search Desk on the 4th Floor of Joyner Library.

If anyone can provide additional information concerning the ships, crews, or situation shown in the image, please contact the Special Collections Department at (252) 328-6671.

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